The Mao Zedong locomotive was born in the gunfire of the war of liberation. In 1946, in order to support the war of liberation and ease the difficulties of railway transport capacity shortage, the workers in Harbin locomotive depot launched the "dead car resurrection" under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. In October 1946, at the ZhaoDong Railway Station in Harbin's locomotive depot, after 27 days and nights of fighting, the workers finally got a steam locomotive. After approval of the northeastern Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the locomotive was named "Mao Zedong" according to the requirements of the workers.
Since July 1, 2014, Mao Zedong locomotive farewell historical freight run passenger transfer.
December 26, 2014 is the 121st anniversary anniversary of Mao Zedong's birthday. After the fifth change of HXD3D1893, the "Mao Zedong" locomotive first traced the 1 passenger trains from Beijing to Changsha, leaving from Beijing on the afternoon of 25, and will arrive at Hunan, the hometown of Mao Zedong the next day.